Haa Dzongkhag

Haa Dzongkhag is situated at an elevation of 2,670m (8,758 ft) above the sea level that encompasses a total area of 1,899.02 Sq. It is surrounded by Tibet to the north, and bordered by the districts of Samtse, Chukha and Paro to the southwest, southeast and east respectively. Haa is one of the least populated Dzongkhags after Gasa. The Dzongkhag has a total of 1,137 households. The dominant language of the district is Dzongkha, the national language of Bhutan. Until 1960, Haa was a Drungkhag (sub-district), which was later upgraded to a Dzongkhag in the 1960s by His Majesty the Third King of Bhutan. In the past, Haa was also referred to as “Ha Jue Zhi” which included Katsho, Esu, Samar and Bji. Today, the Dzongkhag is administratively divided into one Dungkhag and six Gewogs namely, Bji, Eusu, Katsho, Samar, Sombaykha and Gakiling. Topographically, Haa Dzongkhag is characterized by a rugged and mountainous terrain. The vegetation ranges from broad leafed forest in the southern Gewogs to coniferous and sub alpine in the central, and pure alpine vegetation in the high lands of the northern Gewogs. The Dzongkhag is endowed with very rich flora and fauna and about 60% of the Dzongkhag is under forest cover. In terms of the diversity of flora and fauna, the uppers valley of Haa alone has over 250 species of flowering plants including the Blue Poppy (national flower) and White Poppy (Mecopnopsis Superba) which is endemic to Haa. Wheat is the main cereal crop grown in the Dzongkhag. Other crop varieties include barley and buckwheat. Potato constitutes the principal cash crop for the Dzongkhag, while apples and vegetables are also cultivated on a moderate scale. Livestock rearing constitutes an important economic activity in the Dzongkhag, with a majority of the northern Gewogs depending on livestock products such as butter, cheese and yak meat for their livelihood.